Peer-reviewed journal articles
The Application of Organizational Learning Theory to Japanese and American Management. Journal of International Business Studies 1986 Vol. 17 No. 3 pp. 127-147
||Sullivan, J.J., Nonaka, I.,
- Karl Weick, in The Social Psychology of Organizing, theorized in effect that organizational learning must be governed by a theory of action. Such a theory can be described in terms of variety amplification by senior managers and variety reduction by junior managers. In a study of senior American and Japanese executives, the Japanese showed a stronger commitment to this theory of action than the Americans did. Implications for strategy-setting behavior in both cultures are discussed.